Pneumatic And Hydraulic Equipment Page 425

Basic Parameters Applicable to Both Airstroke Actuators and Airmount Isolators MEDIA Air springs are designed for use with compressed air. Nitrogen is also acceptable. Air springs may be filled with water or water-glycol (automotive antifreeze) solutions. If water is to be used, rust inhibitors should be added to protect the end closures. Two reasons for liquid filling an air spring are: 1. To reduce the internal volume of air (and therefore, increase the natural frequency of the air spring) and, 2. To use a media which is incompressible. Accurate positioning would be one reason to do this. Petroleum base fluids (most hydraulic oils fall into this category) are NOT RECOMMENDED. Moderately lubricated air will not harm the bellows. PRESSURE Our "rule of thumb" is: 1. 100 psig maximum for 2 ply. 2. 175 psig maximum for high strength. We recommend that there be a minimum three times safety factor between maximum internal air pressure and burst pressure. So, as an example, if 100 psig is required, the burst should be at 300 psig or greater. For convoluted air springs, the burst pressure decreases as height increases. Therefore, the determining factors are twofold: What is the maximum height into extension and what is the internal pressure at that point? For AIRMOUNT applications (where the part is used at a height very close to the shaded area), it is best to stay within 100 psig maximum for a two ply, and 150 psig maximum for a four ply or high strength cord air spring. TEMPERATURE 1. STANDARD BELLOWS. Our standard industrial air springs should be limited to use in the range: - 35 F to + 135 F. 2. ALL NATURAL RUBBER (LOW TEMPERATURE COMPOUND). A few of our industrial air springs are available in all natural rubber construction. This increases the acceptable cold or low end of the scale to - 65 F. The range then becomes - 65 F to +135 F. 3. EPICHLOROHYDRIN (HIGH TEMPERATURE COM- POUND). Most convoluted parts are available in this material. The operating temperature range for it is: 0 F to 225 F. Additionally, Epichlorohydrin has very good oil resistance. ALL EPICHLOROHYDRIN APPLICATIONS MUST BE APPROVED BY FIRESTONE. CONTAMINATES Shielding should be used to protect the bellows from exposure to hot metal, sand, petroleum base fluids, acids, etc. Please consult Firestone if you wish to know how the bellows will withstand a specific contaminant (For liquids such as acids, it is important to know both concentration and temperature). STORAGE The best storage environment is a dark, dry area at normal room temperature. WARNING DO NOT INFLATE ASSEMBLY WHEN IT IS UNRESTRICTED. ASSEMBLY MUST BE RESTRICTED BY SUSPENSION OR OTHER ADEQUATE STRUCTURE. DO NOT INFLATE BEYOND PRESSURES RECOMMENDED IN DESIGN LITERATURE (CONTACT FIRESTONE FOR INFORMATION). IMPROPER USE OR OVERINFLATION MAY CAUSE ASSEMBLY TO BURST CAUSING PROPERTY DAMAGE OR SEVERE PERSONAL INJURY. ACTUATORS - ISOLATORS F I R E S T O N E Firestone JHF Catalog [ Volume 7 ] (314) 427-0600 800-444-0522 (FAX) 314-427-3502 www. j 425 Prices Subject to Change Without Notice John Henry Foster pneumatic and hydraulic equipment

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